Massages are generally included in physical therapy procedures, specifically in mechanotherapy, where we operate through various intense pressure and friction on the client’s skin.
We can divide individual movements in a predefined set according to which structures they act on. The most abrasive touch is the friction that affects the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The deeper layers cause more pressure when wiping and spreading. We act on muscles, tendons, joints and joint capsules, interstitial spaces, palms and soles of feet. Another touch is kneading, which we do not only affect the skin and subcutaneous tissue, but also the muscles.
Another technique that we use during the massage is beating, in which we alternately perform rhythmic shocks with increasing frequency and thus we can relax or stimulate the muscles. The last of a series of touches is the vibration that affects primarily the muscles. Depending on the speed, we either increase muscle tone (toning) or reduce it (relax).
The direction of touch on the torso is centripetal in the direction of the heart, on the limbs we move from the fingers to the torso (also towards the heart). Properly guided we help to return blood to the heart and drain sap from tissues.
HOW DOES MASSAGE LOSE US?
Massages in our place are in a pleasant, relaxing environment. The therapist, by combining pressure and friction, acts on the back or other part of the body as chosen by the massaged client.
After the massage it is advisable to relax and avoid greater physical exertion for the rest of the day. At the same time, we highly recommend, given the increased cellular metabolism, sufficient fluid intake. Therefore, we will offer you a cup of herbal or green tea or a glass of still water. Sufficient amount of fluids is necessary for good drainage of waste products from the intercellular space and their leaching out of the body.
During the massage we try to achieve therapeutic effect not only in the place of action, but also in the whole organism. By mechanically stimulating the tissue, substances are released from the cell and the extracellular space, which, through the circulation, reach the entire body, thus providing a complete response to the massage. At the same time, waste from the intercellular space (eg carbon dioxide, lactic acid, etc.) is flushed through the lymphatic and venous systems.
The massage removes the superficial, scaled skin cells, thereby freeing the outlets of sweat and sebaceous glands and improving chemical processes in skin cells. The skin and subcutaneous tissue are more perfused, thus increasing the supply of oxygen, nutrients and protective substances – called immunoglobulins. At the same time, the waste materials of the metabolism (eg carbon dioxide, lactic acid, etc.) are washed away into the lymphatic system and subsequently into the venous stream.
Peripheral nerves and brain
Action on the nerve endings in the skin can alleviate or alleviate pain in this area, or in areas that have a functional relationship to the lot. Deeper touches can be positively influenced by muscle poisons, adhesions or scar tissue in joint capsules or tendon sheaths. Massage affects not only the controlling and regulating activity of the brain, but also the psyche to which it can have both a soothing and stimulating effect.
Speeding up healing
Massage also supports absorption of inflammatory effusions or swelling. Increased blood supply will support muscle regeneration after exercise and improve muscle performance.
Through the reflex arc, impulses are transmitted through the nerve endings in the skin, subcutis, muscles and tendons after mechanical irritation, through which we can influence the disrupted activity of internal organs in a given segment.
eliminate fatigue after physical as well as mental stress
regeneration of the body regardless of sports activities
eliminating muscle tension and pain, for example, in stereotyped work and lack of physical activity
strengthening the immune system
it is advisable to divide the total massage into two stages after consultation with your doctor (applies to diabetes, epilepsy, high, low or fluctuating blood pressure)
acute colds (cough, rhinitis, increased body temperature)
immediately after meals (1-2 hours)
major bleeding conditions (haemophilia, leukemia, etc.)
drunkenness, conditions under the influence of psychotropic substances, acute psychosis.
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